A Letter to a Dear Sister

בס”ד

This letter need Genizah

Wigs – According to all opinions it is forbidden for the wig to look as a person’s natural hair, whether it is a full `pe`ah’ or just a partial piece. It is quite known that there are no wigs today that do not perform the same act of beautifying as the natural hair does. Also, there is no bride in the entire world who buys a wig that is less beautiful that her own natural hair. And as we all know the majority of wigs are more stunning and attract attention in their performance of beautifying the person who is wearing it even more than her own hair would do for her.

HaRav Yisroel Salant would always say instructing against an outbreak of a calamity, that if one does not have any hope in correcting the disturbing problem, then the only possible way to correct it is to learn the laws concerning that particular calamity. To clarify the laws and the study of the wig you can call: 02 – 5825891.

It is written in the sefer, “P`er Hador”  (3rd. book, page 223) that when the Chazon Ish Z”tl, arrived in Eretz Yisroel he found that our people were not keeping the `mitzvah’ of `Sh`mita’. He encouraged and strengthened the teaching and studying the laws of `Sh`mita’ in the study halls of the Yeshivas, because by the study of its laws that problem would eventually be corrected.  And Baruch Hashem, it was corrected and today the laws of `Sh`mita’ are properly kept.

More is brought from the sefer, “P`er Hador” (2nd book, page 81) about how the Chazon Ish z”tl, answered a yeshiva student’s question.  The student’s question was, “If it is forbidden to use electricity on the Shabbos, then why is electricity used on Shabbos in the Beis Medrash of the Yerushalmi Rav from the Adah Hachareidis?”

The Chazon Ish explained in the manner and fashion of a `m`chanech’. 1. Concerning a law and its rules, we never take into account what we see others do, even concerning a great Rav. We only have to be concerned with and know exactly what is written in the Torah. 2. The prohibition does not apply to the electric company of Yerushalayim, because its owners and workers work only by the hour and they are not Jewish.  (This is how it was under the British mandate.)

The Chazon Ish, z”tl:

According to the greatness of caution a woman applies to the `tznius’ of the covering of her hair, so is the amount of greatness of her fear of Heaven. (P’er Hador, 3rd. book, page 18.)

This is the quotation from “Orchos Tzadikim: “The woman, who adorns herself before men, inflames and excites their hearts with thoughts of desire, This becomes a very great sin for her, because her actions cause many others to become corrupt and sin.” (At the beginning of the “Gate of Pride”.)

This is a quotation from Rabeinu Yonah, “The `tzniusdika’ -modest woman must be careful not to attract the attention of others, but only that of her husband, and all other men who gaze at her face and hands will descend into `Geheinum’. Because she did not conduct herself modestly and caused others to become corrupt and sinful, she will be punished. She will be punished `midah k`neged midah’, for each and every person that she caused to be punished, (Letter of T`shuva, 78, ובד”א – נ”ח))

Nissim Karelitz       Chaim Pinchas Sheinberg    Shmuel Halevi Vozner   Shimeon Bendy

Shlomo Zilberstein          M. Z. Luria      Chaim Yechial Rotman

The `P`sak’ of all the Gedolei Yisroel

Concerning the wigs of our time that everyone knows and is aware of is that the perfection in the manufacturing of wigs improves from day to day. And they have already become more strikingly attractive than real hair, causing obscenity in our camp.

At a survey of the importers and distributors of wigs, they all unanimously said that there was not one single wig in the world that did not resemble human hair. The factory that produced such wigs would be closed down immediately with a lock and bar.

So wrote Hagaon, Hakodesh, The Steipler, Z”tl, ((קריינא דאגרתא ח”ב אגרת קכד ע”ש באריכות

…”And if it is true what is written concerning the instructions forbidding in the sefer of the Gaon, Rav Yehoshua Leib Diskin, Z”tl, (נמצא בסימן רי”ג that the wig that resembles human hair is forbidden according to everyone’s views, etc.)  they should comply with the words of the Gaon, Rav Yehoshua Leib Diskin, z”tl, and they should contact the Rav, Reb….in Yerushalayim, She should be rebuilt, who is involved in correcting the short comings of our people….and here it had never been heard from anyone that there was a wig that didn’t look like a wig.” And these are the words of our Rabonim, Gaonim, in their public announcements from the Gaon, Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach, and to a good long life, the Gaon, HaRav Yosef Shalom Eliyashiv, and the Gaon, Rav Shmuel Halevi Vozner, and the Gaon, Rav Nissim Karelitz and many other Gaonim and Rabonim who publicly announce against the wigs that resemble human hair. (In the booklet, “There is nothing more beautiful than the modesty” that was published by “The guarding of the Holiness and the Education” “And the Guarding of Life”, from the Beis Din Tzedek”ק קד  Bnei Barak בנשיאות Hagaon HaRav Shmuel Halevi Vozner, Shlita, and Hagaon HaRav Nissim Karelitz, Shlita, page 12, in the educational `kovetz’ “Hatzneah Leches”, page 96.

And it says, “The obligation of covering the woman’s hair is a `D`reisa’. The Gaon Rabbi Avraham Teomim in his Sha`alos and T`shuvos, “Chesed L`Avraham” wrote: “The primary cause of the prohibition is the obscenity that is caused when she adorns and beautifies herself before men…From then until today, the covering of the head was used to promote modesty in the woman. However today the wigs… cause directly and straightforwardly the removal of shame from the woman’s natural modesty…”unintentionally changing the modest women of Yisroel to become enslaved to the designers of fashion. They make our Torah into a fraud .and abuse the thing that was especially made for the woman’s covering and modesty, as a means for attracting and receiving attention, ultimately causing failure among our people.” (Column 13, page 97) Eight paragraphs are brought there from the above mentioned Rabonim, and in the third paragraph it is explicitly written that there is no `heter’- permission for any wig that resembles human hair.

Also the Gaon HaRav Chaim Kanievsky, Shlita, said, “If it resembles human hair, it is true that it is a simple deduction that it is definitely forbidden, there is no difference of opinion. And the Gaon Rav Gedaliah Nadl, Shlita, ((זצוק”ל  said, “Even if not one `Posek’ of our past  generations forbid,  today in our time,  not one of the `Poskim’ would permit the current wigs. Ask every little girl in the street and she will tell you if it is permitted or forbidden.

And there in the educational `kovetz’ at the end of page 103, according to the rulings of the Gaon HaRav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach, z”tl, who proved from the words of our teacher,  HaRav Yeshoshua Leib Diskin,זצוק”ל  that even those `Poskim’ who permit the wearing of wigs do not permit the wearing of those wigs which resemble human hair.

In the sefer “Om Ani Choma” of the Gaon HaRav M. Gross, Shlita, (אח”ע ח”א ס” נ”א ס”ב סקמ”ט ב”ברח נחמח” אות ב ס”ק תס”ב) he quotes the ruling of Hagaon Diskin, that there is absolutely no permission for the wearing of wigs that appear as human hair, the same as the above words of Hagaon the Steipler and Hagaon HaRav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach.

In “Moda`ah and Azhara”, all the Rabonim of Gur, י”ד רוסט חיפה ש.זילברשטיין ב”ב  צ. אברמוביץ חצור      מ. זילברשטיין  י-ם  נ. פייגנבים  ת”א  מ. וולקוביץ  ערד  י.ד. גרוס אשדוד  י. פישביין פ.ת.  א. זילברשטיין קרית גת  פורסם בנל  חבחמ”  ,  ruled that all wigs worn by married women  which cause them to look single and not married, are absolutely forbidden. This announcement was sent to all the Chassidic homes.

The Gaon HaRav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach, z”tl, always expressed (and also the Mashgiach, Hagaon HaRav D. Segal, Shlita, would mention this in his sermons): “Why are they complaining that in the previous generations our women wore wigs? Is it not so that in the previous generations the wigs resembled steel wool, stubble, and straw?

And to a good and long life, Hagaon HaRav Yosef Shalom Eliyashiv, Shlita, said to someone who was entreating him to reveal his opinion on the issue, “Why do you ask me   for my opinion, will you heed what I say” And after that person had entreated him and explained that he really wanted to know, Hagaon HaRav Eliyashiv, Shlita, said, “The majority of `Poskim’ forbid, there are two or three that permit, but even they did not intend the permission of today’s wigs.

And this is the wording of the proclamation that was publicized on behalf of the `Gedolei Hador’ and the Chassidic Rabeiyim. Grand Rabbi Reb Yechial Yehoshua from Biyala, Grand Rabbi Reb Yosef Adler, Av Beis Din, Turdah, Grand Rabbi Binyamin Zilber, Grand Rabbi Reb Moshe Mordechai Bidderman, from Lelov, Grand Rabbi Yochanon Sofer, from Erloi, Grand Rabbi Reb Nachman Kahana from Tifinka, Grand Rabbi Reb Shmuel Halevi Vozner, Grand Rabbi Reb Yitzchok Tzvi, the son of Reb S. Y. Bernfeld, and Grand Rabbi Reb Yitzchok Shlomo Unger, Grand Rabbi Reb Noson Geshtetner, (the Beis Din Tzedek, Bnei Barak) Grand Rabbi Reb Moshe Yehoshua from Vishnitz, Grand Rabbi Reb Yisroel Alter from Gur): “And lately because of our many sins our generation has become spiritually weaker and consequently our married women have begun wearing wigs that appear as natural hair, different styles and types, that their mothers  and grandmothers had never worn, and now it appears as if the women are going publicly with their own uncovered natural hair, `chas v`shalom! Behold we feel the obligation is upon us and we are obliged to announce and enlighten the people with the opinion of our Holy Torah, because the issue is forbidden by law. And even in the places where they permitted the wig to be worn, they never dreamt that women would be wearing wigs such as ours of today. One transgression pulls another transgression in its wake and in this situation there is no permission.”

And as every little baby knows, to our sorrow, there is no bride today who will don her wig the day after her wedding and appear more modestly dressed in it than she did in her own natural hair before her marriage ceremony. It happens to be just the opposite. Rachmono Litzlan!

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